Chemical Equivalences1

Chemical Name Chemical Formula Common Name Uses, Sources CAS No. (MSDS)
Acacia Gum Arabic 9000-01-5
Acetic Acid CH3COOH Vinegar Photo Stop Bath 64-19-7
Acetylene C2H2 Welding Fuel 74-86-2
Aluminum Hydroxide Al(OH)3 21645-51-2
Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Alumia Sandpaper 1344-28-1
Aluminum Potassium Sulfate Dodecahydrate AlK(SO4)2-12H2O Alum : Kalinite Mordant 7784-24-9
Aluminum Sulfate Al2(SO4)3 Alum 17927-65-0
Ammonia NH3 Ammonia gas 7664-41-7
Ammonium Carbonate (NH4)2CO3 Hartshorn 506-87-6
Ammonium Chloride NH4Cl Dry Cell Acid 12125-02-9
Ammonium Hydroxide NH4OH Ammonia Clear Window Cleaner 1336-21-6
Ammonium Nitrate NH4NO3 Ammonium Saltpeter Cold Paks : Fertilizers 6484-52-2
Ammonium Oleate Ammonia Soap
Amyl Acetate CH3COOC5H11 Banana Oil 628-63-7
Analine C6H5NH2 blue oil Dyes 62-53-3
Barium Sulfide BaS Black Ash 21109-95-5
Benzene C6H6 Coal Naptha 71-43-2
Borax Decahydrate Na2O2B2O3-10H2O Borax Cleanser : Glass Making 1303-96-4
Boric Acid H3BO3 Eye Wash : Pesticide 10043-35-3
Bromethymol Blue (BTB) Aquarium pH Tester
Calcium Carbide CaC2 Carbide Lamp Rocks 75-20-7
Calcium Carbonate CaCO3 Chalk : Limestone : Marble Egg Shells 471-34-1
Calcium Chloride (Anhydrous) CaCl2 De-Icer 10043-52-4
Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2 Slaked Lime Hydrated Lime 1305-62-0
Calcium Hypochloride CaCl2O2 Losantin Bleaching Powder 7778-54-3
Calcium Oxide CaO Quicklime 1305-78-8
Calcium Sulfate CaSO4 Anhydrite 7778-18-9
Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate CaSO4-2H2O Gypsum Wallboard 10101-41-4
Calcium Sulfate Hemihydrate CaSO4-½H2O Bassanite Plaster of Paris 10034-76-1
Carbon Dioxide CO2 Dry Ice Soda Bubbles 124-38-9
Carbon Monoxide CO Smog 630-08-0
Carbon Tetrachloride CCl4 Carbon Tet Cleaning fluid : Fire Extinguisher Fluid 56-23-5
Cellulose C6H10O5 Cotton : Wood 9004-34-6
Cetyltrimethylammonium-bromide C20H44BrN Ammonium Salt 124-03-8
Citric Acid C6H8O7 Citric Acid Monohydrate Citrus Fruit 5949-29-1
Copper Cu Pennies (made before 1983) 7440-50-8
Cupric Acetate Cu(CH3COO)2 Green Verdigris Pigments 8895
Copper Acetoarsenite C2H3AsCuO4 Paris Green Certain Insectisides (unpure) 12002-03-8
Copper Sulfate CuSO4 Blue Vitriol
Ethanol C2H5OH Alcohol Alcoholic Drinks
Ethyl Acetate CH3COOC2H5 Nail Polish Remover
Ethylene Dichloride Dutch fluid
Ethylene Glycol C2H4(OH)2 Anti-freeze Car Anti-freeze
Formaldehyde Cleaners : Resorcinal Glue
Furfuraldehyde Bran Oil
Glucose C6H12O6 Corn Syrup
Glycerine Glycerine
Graphite C Pencil Lead
Hexamethylenetetramine HMT Camping Fuel Sticks
Hexamine Hexamine Stoves
Hydrochloric Acid HCl Muriatic Acid
Hydrogen Carbonate H2CO3 Carbonic Acid Seltzer
Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2 Peroxide Wound Cleaner
Iodine I Tinticure of Iodine(5%)
Iron(II) Oxide FeO Hematite : Ferrous Oxide
Iron(III) Oxide Fe2O3 Ferric Oxide : Hematite
Iron(III) Oxide Hydrate Fe2O3-H2O Yellow Ochre Pigment
Iron Oxide Fe3O4 Magnetite Magnetic
Iron(II) Sulphate FeSO4 Green Vitriol Iron Pills : Tanning Leather: Dyes : Inks
Iron(II) Sulphide FeS2 Pyrite Fool's Gold
Isopropanol C3H7OH Rubbing Alcohol
Lampblack Oil Refinery Soot
Lead Acetate Pb(CH3COO)2 Sugar of Lead Sweet, Toxic
Lead Oxide PbO Litharge Toxic : Glass Flux
Lead Sulfide PbS Galena Flux
Lead Tero-oxide Red Lead
Lecithin Vitamins
Maganese Dioxide MnO2 Black Battery Powder
Magnesium Mg Firestarters
Magnesuim Hydroxide Mg(OH)2 Milk Of Magnesia
Magnesium Silicate Talc Baby Powder
Magnesium Sulfate MgSO4 Epsom Salt
Mercury Hg Quicksilver Mercury Thermostats
Mercury Fulminate Paper Cap Powder
Mercury(II) Oxide HgO Red Thermometer Mercury
Mercury(II)Sulphide HgS Red Cinnabar
Methanol CH3OH Wood Alcohol
Methenamine Hexamine Stoves
Methyl Hydrate Wood Alcohol
Methylsalicylate Winter Green Oil
Naphthalene Mothballs
Nitric Acid HNO3 WWII Rocket Propellant
Nitrocellulose Guncotton
Nitrous Oxide NO2 Pressurized Whipped Cream
Phenol Carbolic Acid
Phosphorus P Rocket Engine Igniters
Phosphoric Acid Rust Remover
Potassium Bicarbonate KHCo3 Cream of Tartar
Potassium Carbonate K2CO3 Potash Soap Making
Potassium Chloride KCl Salt Substitute
Potassium Chromium Sulfate Chromealum
Potassium Nitrate KNO3 Salt Peter
Potassium Permanganate Water Purification Snakebite Kit
Propanone (CH3)2CO Acetone Solvent 67-64-1
Propylene Glycol C3H8O2 PG12, 1,2 Propanediol Solar anti-freeze : Food Additive 57-55-6
Red Gum Tree Bark
Silicon Dioxide SiO2 Silica Sand
Sodium Bicarbonate NaHCO3 Baking Soda
Sodium Bisulfate Sani-Flush
Sodium Borate Borax
Sodium Carbonate Na2CO3 Washing Soda : Soda Ash
Sodium Chloride NaCl Salt
Sodium Hydroxide NaOH Lye : Caustic Soda Drain Cleaner : Oven Cleaner : Making Soap
Sodium Hydrogen Sulphate Yeast Inhibitor
Sodium Nitrate NaNO3 Fertilizer
Sodium Oxide Na2O Dehydrating agent
Sodium Perchlorate NaClO4 Solidox Pellets
Sodium Silicate Na4O4Si Water Glass
Sodium Sulfate Na2SO4 Glauber's Salt 7757-82-6
Sodium Sulfate Decahydrate Na2SO4-10H2O Glauber's Salt Thermal Storage (PCM) 7727-73-3
Sodium Thiosulfate Na2S2O3 Sodium Hyposulfite Photo Hypo 7772-98-7
Strontium Nitrate Sr(NO3)2 Road Flares 10042-76-9
Sucrose C12H22O11 Cane Sugar 57-50-1
Sulphur S Brimstone Acidifying Soil 7704-34-9
Sulfuric Acid H2SO4 Oil of Vitriol Battery Acid 7664-93-9
Titanium Tetrachloride TiCl4 Blower Door Smoke 7550-45-0
Toluene C7H8 Methylbenzene Solvents 108-88-3
Urea CH4N2O Urine 57-13-6
Zinc Zn Dry Cell Battery Cases 7440-66-6
Zinc Chloride ZnCl2 Zinc Butter Tinner's Fluid 7646-85-7
Zinc Sulfate Heptahydrate ZnSO4-7H20 White Vitriol 7446-20-0


  1. Shamelessly cribbed from: Jolly Roger Cook Book, Anarchy Online, and Caveman Chemistry, The Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory Oxford University